Shall i compare thee to a summer’s day| Broad Que, & Ans ,12

(Read most important analystic questions and answers from Shall i compare thee to a summer’s day by Shakespeare)

Shall I Compare thee to a summer’s day | About the poet:

Born in Stratford-upon-Avon to John Shakespeare and Mary Arden, William Shakespeare was myriad-minded and multi-faceted. Very little is known of his childhood. This famous’ Bard of Avon’ attended the king’s New Grammar School for his rudimentary education. On 28 November 1582, William, then 18 year old youngman , married the 26 year old Hathaway. Only after seven months of their marriage they got their first daughter Susanna. William’s twin children Hamnet and Judith came in 1585.

Although widely discredited now, during his “lost years” , one story is attributed to the life of this great playwright. He was rumoured to have poached a deer from Sir Thomas Lucy’s estate of Charlecote Park. Consequently, he was beaten, arrested and forced to flee Stratford to avoid prosecution. ” Lost years” refers to the time span between 1578 and 1592 as almost nothing about the poet has been documented during this time.

It was in 1592 that Shakespeare’s name surfaces in the records of London theatre. By then , he came to be important enough to merit the attack from the University Wits. Robert Greene in his Groats- Worth of Wit compares Shakespeare with an upstart crow which is beautified with our feathers, and says as if with his Tiger’s heart wrapped in a player’s hide.

Shakespeare’s literary fame chiefly rests on his 38 plays which comprise comedies, tragedies and tragi- comedies. His two narrative poems include Venus and Adonis (1593) and The Rape of Lucrece(15).

Written between 1592 and 1598 , Shakespeare’s 154 sonnets were published by Thomas Thorpe in 1609. Thomas collected the manuscripts from certain Mr. W. H. ” to whom Shakespeare dedicated the sonnets.

Prof. Dover Wilson identifies this W.H as William Herbert, the third Earl of Pembroke (1573-1624) while Dr A.L Rowse considers W.H to be Henry Wriosthesley, the third Earl of Southampton (1573-1624) . Some sonnets he dedicated to the ” Dark Lady” who is identified as Mary Phiton.

Shakespeare’s sonnets can be classed into:
Fair Friend Group: 1-126
Dark Lady Group : 127-152
Cupid Group. : 153- 154

After the sonnets of procreation group (1-127) , sonnet no. 18 is a gay break. If read without any reference in mind , this sonnet will show as a general depiction of beauty male or female, no matter. G. Blakemore Evans has rightly concluded , ” Sonnet 18 is a very unorthodox love poem , to which gender of the beloved is ultimately irrelevant. ” Thematically , however, this sonnet presents the sheer beauty of his friend and also celebrates his own poetic craft’s might , the secondary beloved of the poet.

Shall I Compare thee to a summer’s day | Introduction:

Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day| Important questions

1) “And every fair from fair sometimes declines”— Which poem is the line quoted from? Who is spoken to? Briefly explain the meaning of the line . How does the poet promise to immortalise his friend’s beauty ? 1+1+2+2

Ans : The above line has been quoted from Shakespeare’s sonnet no. 18 ” Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day?”.

The poet here speaks to his beloved friend Earl of Southampton, while he is making a comparison between his friend’s beauty and the beauty of the summer season.

In the quoted line the first fair refers to all natural objects and the second fair stands for the beauty as a whole. Wordsworth emphatically says in his sonnet that every earthly object loses its beauty with the passage of time. This degradation may happen either by misfortune or by the law of natural process of decay.

The poet thinks of immortalizing his friend’s beauty through his eternal verse. As long as the human race exists, his verse will be there and his friend would be immortalised through those lines.

Leave a Comment