Strong roots | Important broad questions answers class 12

(strong roots by apj abdul kalam, find out the most important broad questions and answers. )

1) ” This is not a correct approach at all and should never be followed”—What is the approach spoken about ? Why does the speaker take the approach? 2+4

Ans: The above line occurs in the story” Strong Roots” by Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam. Here the approach refers to Kalam’s father Jainulabdeen’s act of playing the role of a go-between in the public’s efforts to propitiate demonic forces with prayers and offerings.

According to Kalam’s father man should not be afraid of difficulties, sufferings and problems as every human being is a specific element within the whole of the manifest divine Being.

He thinks one should understand the relevance of one’s sufferings. When troubles come man should overcome all obstructions with calmness and patience, for ‘ adversity always presents opportunities for introspection’.

But he never said this to the people who came to him for help and advice. Whenever human beings find themselves alone, they want to have a company.

Whenever they face a trouble or reach an impasse , they look for someone who may help them .

When distressed people came to Kalam’s father, he did not help them . Rather he played the role of a middle man between man and God because as a spiritual man he believed that every recurrent anguish, longing and desire finds its own special helper.

Though not to help distressed people and to be only a go-between to them is not a correct approach, he did it , for he thought, ” one must understand the difference between a fear-ridden vision of destiny and the vision that enables us to seek the enmity of fulfillment within ourselves.

Questions about Kalam’s father| strong roots by apj Abdul Kalam

2) ” Despite these disadvantages he possessed…” —- Who is”he”? What are the disadvantages? What does he possess despite the disadvantages? Describe the man. 1+1+1+3

OR

Write a short character of A P J Abdul Kalam’s father, as perceived by the author himself.

Ans: The above line occurs in Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam’s autobiographical writing ” Strong Roots “. Here “he” refers to Dr Kalam’ father Jainulabdeen.

As described by the author, his father Jainulabdeen had neither formal education nor much wealth. These disadvantages are spoken about here.

Dr. Kalam says that though his father lacked formal education and much wealth, he possessed great innate wisdom and true generosity of spirit.

Kalam’s father Jainulabdeen led a very simple but disciplined life. This austere person used to avoid all inessential comforts and luxuries. He was a pious man who could convey complex spiritual concepts in a very simple and down-to-earth Tamil. While discussing divine matter with Pakshi Lakshmana Sastry, the high priest of Rameswaram Temple, he was always in traditional attire.

He would start his day at 4 am by reading the namaz before dawn. For evening prayer, he would take little Kalam to the old mosque in their locality. There, almost every day , people of different religions would wait for him with bowls of water which he would purify saying prayer (mantra) and by dipping fingers in them for invalids. He tried to encourage others not to be afraid of difficulties, sufferings and problems we face in our life.

strong roots by apj Abdul Kalam| Question about his mother

3) How does the author describe his mother in “Strong Roots” ?

Ans: In his autobiographical writing” Strong Roots ” Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam gives a brief but vivid description of his generous mother Ashiamma. In his mother Kalam’s father Jainulabdeen found an ideal helpmate. For their relationship his parents were widely considered to be an ideal couple .His mother’s lineage was more distinguished. Kalam mentions that one of her forebears had been bestowed the title of ‘ Bahadur ‘ by the British.

Though the author can not remember the exact number, it is certain that everyday the kind-hearted lady fed more outsiders than the total number of their family members . Kalam normally ate with his mother sitting on the floor of the kitchen. She would place a banana leaf before little Kalam . Then on the banana leaf she would ladle rice and aromatic sambar, a variety of sharp home-made pickle and a dollop of fresh coconut chutney. She was affectionate to all her children.

4)” Our locality was predominantly Muslim”– Who is the speaker ? How does the speaker describe the locality ? What picture of communal harmony do you find in the description? 1+2+3

Ans:Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam says this in his autobiographical piece ” Strong Roots “.

Dr. Kalam gives a pen-picture of their locality. He was born in the island town of Rameswaram in the erstwhile Madras state . This town became famous to the pilgrims for The Shiva Temple which was a ten-minute walk from their house. Though their locality was predominantly Muslim, there were quite lot of Hindu families too. In the locality, there was a very old mosque where Kalam’s father would take him for evening prayers.

All the communities living there showed respect to one another. The Hindu families were amicable with their Muslim neighbours. EvenKalam’s father Jainulabdeen and the high priest of Rameswaram Temple, Pakshi Lakshmana Sastry, were in good friendship. They were so close that whenever they met they would discuss spiritual matters related to both religions. In a word all lived in peace and harmony.

5) “People of different religions would be sitting outside, waiting for him.”—- Who is referred to as ‘him’ ? Where did the people wait? Why did they wait there ? What would happen thereafter ? 1+1+2+2

Ans: In the quoted line fron strong roots by apj abdul kalam here ‘him’ refers to Jainulabdeen, Kalam’s father.

People of different religions would wait outside the old mosque where Kalam’s father Jainulabdeen used to go for evening prayers.

The people who would wait for Kalam’s father belonged to different religions. Almost every day , many of them would come with bowls of water. After evening prayer Jainulabdeen would come out of mosque and dip his fingertips into those bowls and say a prayer. Then they would carry this water home for invalids.

Kalam could remember the incidents hereafter. People would visit their home to offer thanks to his father for being cured after taking that brought water. His father always smiled and asked them to thank Allah, the merciful.

6) ” ….. every human being is a specific element within the whole of the manifest divine Being” —Who is the speaker ? What did he want to convey ? 1+5

Ans: Jainulabdeen, Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam’s father , makes the above remark in ” Strong Roots “.

Dr. Kalam’s father, being a spiritual man, could convey complex spiritual concepts in a very simple down-to-earth Tamil. According to him, ” In his own time, in his own place, in what he really is, and in the stage he has reached— good or bad — every human being is a specific element within the whole of the manifest divine Being.” He always advised Kalam not to be afraid of difficulties, sufferings and problems. He insisted upon overcoming all these obstructions of life with patience. He inspired Kalam that when troubles come, he should understand the relevance of sufferings . He said, “Adversity always presents opportunities for introspection “. But he never told these to the people who came to him for help and advice. He only played the role of a go-between in their effort to propitiate demonic forces with prayers and offerings.

7)Why does Kalam feel that he had a secured childhood? Or What kind of childhood did APJ Abdul Kalam have ? strong roots by apj abdul kalam

Ans: In Kalam’s popular piece ” Strong Roots ” from his autobiography ” Wings of Fire ” he vividly describes how his childhood was. Kalam says that he indeed enjoyed a very secured childhood. His was both materially and emotionally secured childhood . Though his father Jainulabdeen used to avoid all inessential comforts and luxuries, he provided Kalam with all necessities in terms of food, medicine or clothing.

Their family was more or less materially affluent, for more outsiders than their family members every day ate in their house. Kalam’s mother fed them with affection. She was emotional to Kalam . In the kitchen Kalam would sit on the floor and she would place a banana leaf before him and serve him rice, aromatic sambar, a variety of sharp home made pickle and a dollop of fresh chutney made of coconut. Almost every day Kalam’s father took him to the old mosque for evening prayer.

8) “Adversity always presents opportunities for introspection” – How does Kalam’s father explain the line? OR How did Kalam’s father’s attitude to adversity influence young Kalam ?

Ans :Kalam’s father,as depicted in the story “Strong Roots “, was a wise and generous person . Being a spiritualist , he established a broader aspect of adversity of which the common people always express a negative view-point . According to him adverse situation always brings opportunities for introspection.

The implication is that we get a chance to test ourselves when we face obstrucles. He thought that we must not be afraid of difficulties, sufferings and problems. When troubles come we should try to apprehend and understand the relevance of our sufferings. This attitude to adversity had a great influence on the young Kalam. Throughout his life Kalam tried to emulate his father in his own world of science and technology. He tried to overcome his failures with great confidence.

9) Comment on the title of the story ” Ststrong roots by apj abdul kalam” .

Ans: A good title of any literary work plays a pivot role. The “roots” of a tree are its strength. They help the tree to stand straight. In other words, ” strong roots” means strong base of a thing. Here “strong roots” symbolises strong home background of Dr Kalam. Kalam thinks that he has been successful due to his family background. He faces many obstructions, but he can overcome them with confidence. Kalam thinks that he has earned everything owing to his parents.

They nourish his life. He emulate his spiritual father in every steps of his life. He learns from his mother how to live and work for others. His father’s ideas about prayer, attitude to adversity broadly impress him. In a word, whatever Kalam learns in his life, he learns from his parents. They are the” Strong Roots” to Kalam . Here the title is justified and appropriate.

10) “Why don’t you say this to the people who come to you ?” –Who says this and to whom ? What is referred to by the word ‘ this’ ? Why do the people come to the person spoken to ?

Ans: The quoted line has been taken from ” Strong Roots” by APJ Abdul Kalam.

Little Kalam says this to his father Jainulabdeen.

Here ‘ this ‘ refers to his father’s saying about the spiritual matter. Kalam’s father could simply explain complex spiritual concepts. He once told Kalam that in one’s own time, in one’s own place, in what one really is, and in the stage one has reached–good or bad– everyone is a specific part (element) in the whole of the clear (manifest )divine being. He told Kalam not to be afraid of difficulties, sufferings and problems. When troubles come Kalam should try to understand the relevance of his sufferings , for adversity always brings chances for introspection. All these he never says to others . So Kalam asks this question.

The people come to the person spoken to for help and advice.

11) ” His answer filled me with a strange energy and enthusiasm.” — Who is the speaker? Whose answer is being referred to here? What was the answer?

Ans :

Dr APJ Abdul Kalam makes the above remark in the piece ” Strong Roots” taken from his autobiography ” The Wings of Fire”

His father Jainulabdeen’s answer is being referred to here.

Once Kalam asked his father why he (father) did not give the same advice to other people what he said to him about sufferings, difficulties and problems we face. His father gave him a intellectual answer. He said that whenever people find themselves alone, naturally they look for company.

Whenever people are in troubles they want someone to help them. Whenever people reach an impasse they await someone who can show them the way out. His father remarked that every recurrent anguish, longing and desire always try to find its own special assistant. For the people who came to Jainulabdeen falling
in distress, he only played the role of a middleman in their efforts to propitiate demonic forces with prayers and offerings. Though he admitted it not to be a correct approach. This answer is spoken to here.

12) What had remained the routine for Abdul Kalam’s father even he was in his late sixties ? What does Abdul Kalam say about his emulation of his father ? (strong roots by apj abdul kalam)

Ans :

In his autobiographical writing ” Strong Roots” Kalam gives a description of his father’s daily routine which he strictly followed even when he was in his late sixties. He can remember that his father would start his day at 4 am by reading the namaz when dawn is yet to break. After the namaz, he would walk down to their own small coconut grove which was about four miles from their house. He used to come back with about a dozen coconuts. He carried the coconuts tied together on his shoulder. Then he would do his breakfast.

Throughout his whole life Kalam tried to imitate his father in his own world of science and technology. What ever he learnt from his father he applied in his own life. Kalam tried to understand the fundamental truths which were revealed to him by his saintly father.

13) ” When troubles come, try to understand the relevance of your sufferings. ” — What did Kalam’s father say about human sufferings ? OR How, according to Dr Kalam Kalam’s father , does a man react when he reaches an impasse?

Ans :

In ” Strong Roots” by APJ Abdul Kalam Jainulabdeen, Kalam’s father gives rather a positive view-point about sufferings . He opines that every individual is a specific element of manifest divine being. So we should not be scared of our sufferings, problems and difficulties. On the contrary we should understand the relevance of our sufferings as it is only the adversity that always brings a chance to test ourselves.

When the common people become alone , naturally they start looking for a company. When troubles come to them , the common people react in a strange way. In stead of getting over these problems on their own , they look for someone for help. And when they reach an impasse , they wait for someone who would show them the way out.

14) ” I have endeavoured to understand the fundamental truths”– Who is referred to as’ I’ ? What are being referred to as the “fundamental truths” ? Who revealed the truths to the narrator ?

Ans:

Dr APJ Abdul Kalam is referred to as “I” in the above line quoted from his “Strong Roots”.

The fundamental truths refer to the existence of God and his power. Kalam had tried to understand the truths and he certainly could feel that there exists God and his power. The omnipotent God can save human being from misery, confusion melancholy and failure and can show them their true places . If once an individual can separate himself from emotional and physical bondings , he will be able to find the paths of freedom, happiness and peace of mind.

Jainulabdeen, the narrator’s father revealed the fundamental truths to the narrator.

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