1) ” This is not a correct approach at all and should never be followed”—What is the approach spoken about ? Why does the speaker take the approach? 2+4

Ans: The above line occurs in the story” Strong Roots” by Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam. Here the approach refers to Kalam’s father Jainulabdeen’s act of playing the role of a go-between in the public’s efforts to propitiate demonic forces with prayers and offerings.

According to Kalam’s father man should not be afraid of difficulties, sufferings and problems as every human being is a specific element within the whole of the manifest divine Being. He thinks one should understand the relevance of one’s sufferings. When troubles come man should overcome all obstructions with calmness and patience, for ‘ adversity always presents opportunities for introspection’. But he never said this to the people who came to him for help and advice. Whenever human beings find themselves alone, they want to have a company. Whenever they face a trouble or reach an impasse , they look for someone who may help them . When distressed people came to Kalam’s father, he did not help them . Rather he played the role of a middle man between man and God because as a spiritual man he believed that every recurrent anguish, longing and desire finds its own special helper. Though not to help distressed people and to be only a go-between to them is not a correct approach, he did it , for he thought, ” one must understand the difference between a fear-ridden vision of destiny and the vision that enables us to seek the enmity of fulfilment within ourselves.